IVF which means In-vitro Fertilization is popularly known as a test-tube baby. The basic difference between IUI and IVF is that IUI is a kind of natural form in which fertilization takes place inside the body. Whereas, in IVF, fertilization takes place in a lab with the help of advanced technologies.
What is IUI?
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is an easy process in which a healthy selected sperm is directly placed into a uterus. IUI helps a healthy sperm to reach towards the egg quickly.
What is IVF?
In vitro fertilization is a procedure that happens outside the body with medical techniques. This is also called a test tube baby because actually a baby is born outside the baby in this procedure.
What is IVF Process?
An IVF procedure starts with giving hormonal injections to a female patient in order to increase egg production. This egg production is then monitored through ultrasounds and follicular monitoring. When the eggs reach up to a certain growth stage, a final trigger injection is given to mature the eggs. After this, these eggs or follicles need to be aspirated within 36 hours.
After this, the doctor gives anesthesia to extract the eggs with the help of a fine needle through ultrasound. These eggs are then handed over to the embryologist. Also, the semen sample is washed and they are kept along with the eggs for fertilization in an incubator.
Benefits of IVF over IUI
If your fallopian tubes are blocked, or you have fewer eggs or a partner with a low sperm count then for all these conditions IVF is a useful option. If the sperms are passing through the testis and even if sperm count is less, an embryo can be formed. On days 4-5, this embryo is placed into the uterus and if it implants, pregnancy happens. IVF is the most advanced artificial reproductive technique.
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