Cancer Screening

male-infertility

What is cancer screening?

Cancer screening is a procedure to look for cancer or abnormal cells in a patient before the symptoms occur. The screening is done as a preventive measure to detect any abnormal cell growth that may turn into cancer eventually.

Cancer screening is done in healthy people generally with no signs or symptoms. The main aim of cancer screening is to detect cancer in the precancer or in the initial stage to treat it effectively. There are different methods to screen and detect several cancers in the early stages.

Regular cancer screening tests have shown positive results in preventing cancer and decreasing death rates from cancer. The general population, along with people with high risk, should consider screening to stay aware.

Gynecological Oncology: Treatment of Cancer in Women

Gynecological Oncology is a branch of medical science that deals with diagnosing and treating cancer in women’s reproductive organs. Reproductive cancer is a severe issue that can cause related complications in a woman.

If a woman is diagnosed with reproductive cancer, she needs to consult a gynecologic oncologist. A gynecologic oncologist has expertise in gynecologic malignancies and other related problems.

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Types of Gynecological Cancer

Gynecological cancers are cancers that affect the reproductive organs in a woman. The type of cancer that affects a woman is known after the organ it has affected. There are various types of cancer in women like:

  • Cervical Cancer
  • Uterine Cancer
  • Ovarian Cancer 
  • Breast Cancer

Now, the four above-mentioned cancers are common cancers found in women. We provide all the services from screening to treating all these four cancers at Gunjan IVF World.

Apart from this, Breast cancer is cancer that affects men, too. There are two other cancers in women like vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer.

Types Of Cancer Screening Test

There are some important cancer screening tests for women. Each of them is recommended for all women, but some of them are required at a certain age. It’s crucial to know about each screening test to know when to get which one.

6 Major types of cancer screening tests for women are:

1. Pelvic Exam

A pelvic exam is a regular exam that must be a part of every woman’s regular checkups. A pelvic exam is an initial test that helps in diagnosing various gynecological cancers and sexually transmitted diseases. It is a physical and visual examination of reproductive organs. During this examination, your gynecologist inspects the cervix, vagina, vulva, and uterus. The doctor also feels for your reproductive organs like the uterus, ovaries, and especially if any lumps or masses are present. If your doctor finds any abnormalities during a pelvic exam, he will tell you about them in detail.

2. Pap Smear

Papanicolaou smear, also known as a pap test, is a screening test used to detect cervical cancer in women. In this test, cells from the cervix are collected and examined under a microscope. Pap smear is not a diagnostic test. If any abnormality is found in the pap test, further tests are needed for a specific diagnosis.

This test helps in detecting precancerous cells and also warns about abnormal changes that may turn into cancer later on. Doctors advise women to do a pap smear test every three years if they are between 21-65 years old. After a pap test, a negative result means that there is nothing to worry about and no further tests or treatment is required. On the other hand, positive results may require further investigation like Colposcopy and HPV DNA testing to know what abnormality is diagnosed.

3. Mammogram

A mammogram is a screening test that uses low energy X-ray images to screen breast cancer. This X-Ray can detect all the abnormalities in the breast that may turn into breast cancer. It is advised that women should do a regular self-examination in order to detect any lump in breasts at an early stage. Along with self-examination, mammograms help to detect breast cancer at an early stage which makes treatment effective and easy.

It is always a good idea for women above 40 to undergo a mammogram every 1-2 years. It is a completely safe and sound procedure. A mammogram screening test helps in detecting any calcium deposits or cysts in the breasts. Whatever the results are, your doctor will further advise you to undergo more tests or exams based on the previous results. Apart from Pap smears, mammograms, and pelvic exams, other basic tests are done to screen other cancers in women.

4. Transvaginal Sonography

A vaginal ultrasound is done to find any masses in the ovaries and uterus. Also, it detects any abnormalities in the uterine lining or endometrium. If the endometrium is extremely thickened or hyperplastic or cystic looking further investigations may be required.

5. CA 125

CA 125 levels are done especially for those at high risk of Ovarian Cancer. If the levels are high, it strongly indicates ovarian cancer. There are no recommended screening tests for ovarian cancers, but they can be detected at an early stage if you are at high risk. A vaginal ultrasound is done to find any masses in the ovaries and a blood test is done to look for CA-125 protein that strongly indicates ovarian cancer.

6. Endometrial Biopsy

Similarly, we can do a basic screening test for women at high risk of getting uterine cancer. In such cases, tiny uterine tissue samples are collected for testing. A fine tube known as Pipelle or a small telescope known as hysteroscope is inserted into the uterus to look for any abnormal changes or growths. After this hysteroscopic directed biopsies can be taken.

Who is at risk for Gynecological Cancers?

Apart from having a family history of some cancer, other risk factors increase the chances of getting gynecological cancers. Some of the cumulative risk factors are:

  • HPV: HPV is Human papillomavirus that is spread by sexually transmitted diseases in human beings. It makes changes in the cervical cells over time and increases the risk of cervical cancer in women.
  • Smoking: Smoking has harmful effects on our bodies. Women who smoke are more likely to get cervical cancer in their lifetime. 
  • Chlamydia infection: It is a bacteria that infects women’s reproductive organs and increases the chance of cancer.
  • Age: The risk of getting ovarian cancer gets higher with increasing age in women.
  • Diet: Women whose diet doesn’t include fruits and vegetables are more likely to develop such cancers.

Conclusion

Cancer is one serious health condition that needs attention even before it happens. Regular screening tests help detect gynecological cancer at a stage where treatment is easy and the death rate can be minimized. Women with a family history of cancer should go for regular screening tests to decrease their chances of getting cancer. Here, at Gunjan IVF world, we offer cancer screening for all gynecological cancers. If you have a family history of cancers or are at high risk of developing one, make an appointment for cancer screening today.

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Abhishek Parashar

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Hi, I and my wife Garima got married in 2013, and it's been 7.5 years since we had no children. We went to three-four doctors before visiting Gunjan IVF world. Then we went to Gunjan IVF center, where Doctor Gunjan ma’am guided us so friendly and she advised us to go for IVF. With their positive hands, we cracked in the first go and now we are blessed with twins. Especially, the team is too very cooperative they give you an environment which makes you feel very positive and comforting

Madhu Dhoundiyal

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It's been an awesome journey with priceless outcome. My tubes were blocked and was trying to concieve from last 2 years and then I got to know about Gunjan IVF from outdoor branding. Finally I met Dr.Gunjan, for IVF treatment to concieve. I am lucky enough to get blessed with Twin Daughters, thank you Dr.Gunjan for everything.

Abhishek Parashar

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Hi, I and my wife Garima got married in 2013, and it's been 7.5 years since we had no children. We went to three-four doctors before visiting Gunjan IVF world. Then we went to Gunjan IVF center, where Doctor Gunjan ma’am guided us so friendly and she advised us to go for IVF. With their positive hands, we cracked in the first go and now we are blessed with twins. Especially, the team is too very cooperative they give you an environment which makes you feel very positive and comforting

Madhu Dhoundiyal

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It's been an awesome journey with priceless outcome. My tubes were blocked and was trying to concieve from last 2 years and then I got to know about Gunjan IVF from outdoor branding. Finally I met Dr.Gunjan, for IVF treatment to concieve. I am lucky enough to get blessed with Twin Daughters, thank you Dr.Gunjan for everything.

Our Expert Team

Dr. Gunjan Gupta Fertility and IVF Specialist in Delhi

Dr. Gunjan Gupta Govil

Founder & Director

Founder, Director & Gynaecologist with specialization in IVF, Infertility & Laparoscopy of 20+ years of experience.

(20+ years of experience)

Dr. Gunjan Gupta Fertility and IVF Specialist in Delhi

Dr. Pradyot Kumar

CEO, Founder

Founder, CEO and a specialized Neurosurgeon who is an expert in complex Brain and Spine surgeries.

(25+ years of experience)

rmo at gunjan ivf world

Mr. Gaurav Singhai

COO at Gunjan IVF World

COO and an entrepreneur who co-founded Gujan IVF world along with Dr Gunjan and Dr Pradyot.

(5+ years of experience)

embryologist at gunjan ivf world

Paritosh Sarkar

Embryologist

He is a highly experienced and successful Embryologist with more than 10 years of experience in IVF.

(10+ years of experience)

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Patient Guide

Along with treating our patients, we also guide them with the help of our educational blogs and videos.

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Pregnancy test after IVF frozen embryo transfer?

IVF procedure is an important procedure for every couple, and all the parents wish to conceive in their first cycle itself. But they need to understand that some couples might need more than one cycle to see positive results. In an IVF procedure, a pregnancy test is done after two weeks to check the results. After an embryo transfer procedure, it takes around 10-14 days to see the IVF results.

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Difference between IUI, IVF and ICSI?

Difference between IUI, IVF and ICSI?

IUI stands for Intrauterine insemination or also known as artificial insemination. In this method, semen is washed and placed inside the uterine cavity so once the ovulation occurs or the egg is released the sperm will fertilise the egg.

IVF Process Start to Finish?

IVF Process Start to Finish?

The couple has to undergo certain IVF treatment evaluations. These are the blood test before IVF. IVF tests for Females: The female has to undergo several tests such as female hormonal tests, egg count and quality assessment, blood tests such as AMH, prolactin, thyroid & basic tests such as hemoglobin, sugar, etc. ultrasound is done to check the uterus.

Best age to get pregnant?

Best age to get pregnant?

Whether you want to conceive naturally or through IVF, the best period is between 20-30 years to get pregnant. During this time, women have the best fertility potential. Also, during this period the quantity and quality of the eggs or ovarian reserve is also good. As compared to men, increasing age affects women’s fertility a lot. If your age is between 25-30 years, the chances of getting pregnant with a single menstrual cycle are 25%. And as soon as your age increases, these pregnancy chances drop to just 5% when you reach 50.

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IUI Procedure step by step?

Do you know the success rate of pregnancy with the IUI procedures ranges from 15% to 20% per cycle? Yes, this is true. IUI, which is Intrauterine insemination, is a kind of artificial insemination that helps in treating infertility issues. This a quick process in which the pre-selected sperm is directly injected into your uterus or womb.

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10 Ways Smoking kills Your Fertility?

Smoking comes as one of the most injurious habits to a person’s health and even when it comes to the fertility aspect, the impact is no different. This is where most of the fertility experts advise their clients to quit smoking whilst they are planning to have a child and it further lay a negative impact on the overall health of the future child in the process. Let’s see the 10 Ways Smoking kills Your Fertility.

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The reasons for an unsuccessful implantation are very uncommon and rare as well. Blastocyst provides a greater chance of becoming pregnant therefore the procedure…
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India Greatest Brand & Leaders Award

Published on 29th Aug
The reasons for an unsuccessful implantation are very uncommon and rare as well. Blastocyst provides a greater chance of becoming pregnant therefore the procedure…

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