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An infection, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), is the most prevalent reason for a tubal blockage. Tubal infertility is estimated to be 12 percent after one episode of PID, 23 percent after two episodes, and 53 percent after three episodes.

Things like Endometriosis, infections after delivery, and intra-abdominal diseases such as appendicitis and peritonitis can also obstruct or impair the Fallopian tubes. Adhesions do not often obstruct fallopian tubes, but they can make them dysfunctional by twisting or detaching them from the ovary.

Contraception can be achieved by blocking the fallopian tubes. Tubes in these cases are usually healthy, and the people who requested the surgery usually had children. Tubal ligation is regarded as a long-term surgery.

Blocked fallopian tubes

The fallopian tubes are the thin tubes on either side of your uterus or womb. Your uterus and ovaries are linked by these tubes.

Your ovaries produce an egg every month, which travels through your fallopian tubes. The egg will not be able to reach the uterus if there is a blockage.

Sperm can’t swim up tubes to fertilize an egg, either. Conception is commonly seen in the fallopian tube. After that, the fertilized egg goes to the uterus, where it embeds and flourishes.

Infertility is caused by partially or clogged tubes. If the obstruction is just partial, the chance of an ectopic pregnancy, in which the fertilized egg develops in the fallopian tube, is enhanced.

Complications of Blocked Fallopian Tubes

The operation to open the Fallopian tubes has the same potential problems as any other operation. These are some of them:

  • Infection
  • Increased scar tissue formation
  • Organ deterioration
  • Bleeding

Keyhole surgery, on the other hand, is a comparatively low-risk procedure.

Ectopic pregnancy, which occurs when a fertilized egg becomes trapped outside of the womb, usually in a fallopian tube, is one of the risks of pregnancy following surgery. The egg will not mature, and a woman’s health may be jeopardized.

Women who have had tubal ligation should consult a doctor as soon as they become pregnant to rule out an ectopic pregnancy.


Can Blocked fallopian tubes cause miscarriage?

The egg cannot reach the uterus and the sperm cannot reach the egg if one or both fallopian tubes are obstructed, preventing fertilization and pregnancy. It’s also conceivable for the tube to be partially clogged rather than completely closed. This can put you at risk for a tubal pregnancy, often known as an ectopic pregnancy.

The egg is unable to meet the sperm due to complete blockage, thus pregnancy is not possible. However, if one of the tubes is blocked, it is possible to become pregnant.

There were three types of obstructions discovered:

  • Proximal Fallopian Tube Blockage – When a blockage forms near the uterus, complications such as miscarriage, cesarean delivery, or PID might ensue (pelvic inflammatory disease).
  • Middle Fallopian Tube Blockage – This is when the fallopian tube becomes blocked in the middle.
  • Distal Blockage – The blockage occurs at the end of the fallopian tube in this case.


Traditional treatment for fallopian tube blockage has been fallopian tubal surgery (tuboplasty), to restore tube patency and therefore potentially normal function. In vitro fertilization is a typical modern therapeutic approach since it is more cost-effective, less intrusive, and produces quick results.

Alternative techniques, such as manual physical therapy, have been credited with helping some women open and restore function to their clogged fallopian tubes. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are utilized more frequently than surgery.



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About Author

Dr. Gunjan Gupta Fertility and IVF Specialist in Delhi

Dr. Gunjan Gupta

Gynecologist and IVF specialist
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Dr. Gunjan Gupta is a Gynaecologist with a specialization in IVF, Infertility & Laparoscopy specialist doctor and has close to 2 decades of experience in : Treating Infertility, Performing Gynae Laparoscopy (Keyhole Surgeries) Handing high-risk Pregnancies. She is a Member of Royal College of Obs and Gynae (MRCOG) of UK and has been trained in Laparoscopy at EUDGES (France).

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