If you have been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst and also have plans to conceive, you might get worried about the same. We understand the complications of ovarian cysts and how it affects your mental state regarding pregnancy plans.

Women often feel nauseous at the beginning of a menstrual cycle. They have a constant feeling of something heavy stuck inside their abdomen. Mostly, it is a part of the period cycle but, sometimes it can be an Ovarian Cyst.

However, if you are experiencing some symptoms and planning a pregnancy, you should read this blog.

What are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are some fluid-filled sacs present inside the ovary. Most of these cysts are due to your hormonal changes and they usually settle within weeks without medications. . To know more about its symptom and causes, read the pointers below:

Symptoms

In most cases, Ovarian Cysts have no symptoms. However, if you experience a large ovarian cyst, you may have some symptoms, such as:

  • Swelling
  • Heaviness In the Lower Abdomen
  • Pelvic Pain (Including Dull or Severe Pain in The Lower Abdomen)
  • Nausea Or Vomiting
  • Pain During Sexual Activity

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Types Of Cysts & Causes

There are several types of ovarian cysts. Depending on how it forms, your cyst may even look or work differently.

Follicular Cysts

In most cases, follicular cysts disappear in three months without treatment. During each menstrual cycle your ovary produces fluid filled structures called follicle, egg is released from these follicles at the time of ovulation. If a follicle keeps on growing it becomes a follicular cyst.

These types of cysts can reach up to 2-3 inches in diameter. For a follicular cyst, you may not feel pain. But if it ruptures, it may cause severe pain on one side of the ovaries.

Corpus Luteum Cyst

After the Ovary releases the egg during ovulation, the empty follicle that produces the egg usually shrinks. But sometimes, it closes and begins to collect fluid inside.

These kinds of cysts, in most cases, are available once on one Ovary. There might be few or no symptoms. For example, sometimes, the corpus luteum cyst can bleed or become basis distress.

Non-Functioning Cysts

Non-functioning cysts may grow on ovaries, regardless of whether you ovulate or not. These types of cysts can be one of the subsequent types:

  1. Endometriosis is a cyst that develops from a condition, namely endometriosis. In this condition, cells in the endometrium can grow outside the endometrium and manifest as endometriosis. Endometrial cysts are generally occupied with deep, reddish-tanned blood and can reach 8 inches in diameter.
  2. Dermoid Cysts, also known as teratomas, are shaped by embryonic cells. It can hold stuff such as skin, hair, and even teeth. Dermoid cysts usually do not become tumorous. These cysts affect young women; also, they can spread up to 6 inches in diameter.
  3. Cystadenomas grow on the exterior of the Ovary and can be full of serous or mucus material.
  4. Polycystic ovary disease happens with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). When you have PCOS, there are several minor cysts on the exterior of the ovaries, but these cysts are not painful.

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Risk Factors

Although we cannot predict whether you shall get an ovarian cyst or not, something may put you in danger. The danger of developing ovarian cyst can be:

  • Medication : This includes taking Clomid, which generally causes stimulate ovulation. 
  • Pregnancy: Sometimes cysts occur during ovulation and stay in the ovaries throughout pregnancy.
  • Endometriosis: This state causes the cells of the endometrium to swell outside the uterus. Some tissues can adhere to the ovaries and form deposits.
  • Severe Pelvic Infection: When the infection feasts to the ovaries, cysts start to form.
  • Past Ovarian Cyst: If you have already experienced one, you may develop more.

Chances Of Getting Pregnant with Ovarian Cysts

The cyst usually doesn’t cause any difficulty in conceiving, but if a cyst is caused because of endometriosis, then you might face infertility. However, there are treatments such as changes in lifestyle and minor surgery (keyhole surgery/ laparoscopic surgery) that can help.

The last available option for these women is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization). It is a generative technology that artificially stimulates the ovaries by injecting hormones.

Conclusion

Our doctors will most likely order blood tests or transvaginal ultrasounds if an ovarian cyst is assumed. These tests allow our doctors to check the presence and features of ovarian cysts. Even if you have ovarian cysts, you still have good chances to become pregnant. So don’t wait; visit our hospital today for a prior appointment.

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About Author

Dr. Gunjan Gupta Fertility and IVF Specialist in Delhi

Dr. Gunjan Gupta

Gynecologists and IVF specialist
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Dr. Gunjan Gupta is a Gynaecologist with a specialization in IVF, Infertility & Laparoscopy specialist doctor and has close to 2 decades of experience in : Treating Infertility, Performing Gynae Laparoscopy (Keyhole Surgeries) Handing high-risk Pregnancies. She is a Member of Royal College of Obs and Gynae (MRCOG) of UK and has been trained in Laparoscopy at EUDGES (France).

To book an appointment, call: +91-9990044555

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