Ovarian Cyst Removal
What is an ovarian cyst?
Ovarian cysts are like fluid-filled sacs that form in the ovary. The ones who commonly suffer from ovarian cysts are women of all age groups, from puberty to the reproductive age group to postmenopausal females. The majority of ovarian cysts are not cancerous in contrast to the general scare and also do not require surgical removal. Cysts can vary in size from less than one centimetre (one-half inch) to greater than 10 centimetres (4 inches).
Some women with ovarian cysts may have pain or pelvic pressure, while others have no symptoms. The condition of the Irregular period cycle is not usually related to an ovarian cyst. However, if the cysts grow big, they might interfere with your health. Not only it causes pain, but it also leads to cancer, even though it is rare. With age, the chances of developing it into ovarian cancer increases. An unhealthy lifestyle and hormonal imbalance cause ovarian cancer.
Causes of Ovarian Cyst
- Follicular cyst – Functional ovarian cysts are cysts that develop or form when a follicle or a sac grows but does not rupture in order to release the egg. Every month, with your menstrual cycle, you might unknowingly develop ovarian cysts. It goes away on its own with time.
- Dermoid cysts – Dermoid cysts are more like tumours that develop in the ovaries. These tumours primarily consist of various tissues like hair, teeth, thyroid, bone, sebum etc. Dermoid cysts typically originate from the totipotential germ cells, which are present in the egg sacs or follicles. Totipotential, the cell can often cause mature tissue formations. These mostly look similar to the structures like hair, bone, sebaceous materials, etc. Dermoid cysts can occur during any age; however, women of childbearing age are more susceptible. They are usually not more than 2.5 inches in diameter and can be removed laparoscopically.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) – Women with PCOS may have many small cysts in their ovaries. There is no need to remove or treat this cyst with surgery or medication, but PCOS patient may need treatment for other PCOS symptoms or associated problems, such as irregular menstrual periods.
- Endometriosis – Women with endometriosis can develop a blood-filled ovarian cyst called an endometrioma, or “chocolate cyst.”
- Corpus luteal Cyst: – A Corpus luteal cyst normally develops in early pregnancy, to support the pregnancy until the placenta develops. It develops at the site of ovulation.
- Severe pelvic infections – Severe pelvic infections like tuberculosis may spread to involve the ovaries and fallopian tubes. As a result, these pus-filled cysts develop close to the ovaries and fallopian tubes and are termed adnexal masses.
- Cancer – Cancer is an unknown rare cause of ovarian cysts in premenopausal women. Around less than 1 percent of new or abnormal growths in the ovary is said to be ovarian cancer. Ovarian cysts if found in postmenopausal females are more likely to be cancerous.
Signs and symptoms of ovarian cyst
Usually, the symptoms of ovarian cyst are asymptomatic but in some cases, one can experience the following symptoms:
- Experiencing dull backache or lower abdominal fullness and pain that may be dull or sharp, constant or fluctuating. The ovarian cyst doesn’t cause any Crampy lower abdominal pain.
- One may also feel sharp-sudden pain when the cyst ruptures in the ovary.
- Women that have torsion or twisting of an ovary may experience pain along with nausea and vomiting. They might also feel weak, fainting, and dizzy.
- Ovarian cysts don’t cause abnormal periods or vaginal bleeding.
Diagnosis and treatment for ovarian cyst
Pelvic examination is one of the simplest methods of diagnosis for ovarian cysts. Healthcare providers rule out pregnancy as the cause of ovarian cysts. Later on, he might use specific tests for diagnosing. Here are some of the diagnosis methods for ovarian cyst.
- If you have a corpus luteum cyst, the positive pregnancy test will detect it.
- Pelvic ultrasound, especially transvaginal one can easily and accurately visualize ovarian cysts and it helps to analyze the presence of a cyst, its nature and location.
- There is another way, and that is the CA 125 blood test. A woman having ovarian cancer has an elevated blood level of cancer antigen 125. Doctors generally suggest this test when your cyst’s nature is solid, and you have a high risk of ovarian cancer. But Ca 125 can also be raised in other conditions as endometriosis, fibroids and pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Laparoscopy: Laparoscopy can be used to diagnose and treat ovarian cysts. A laparoscope is a slim-lighted instrument. Doctors insert it into the abdomen to see the ovary’s condition, and with this, he can also remove the cyst. This process is called laparoscopy. Although cysts disappear within a few months, proper treatment is necessary to avoid further complications. The type, size and symptoms of the cyst decide the treatment.
- If the person has a cyst in her ovary but has no symptoms and its size is small, the doctors recommend that they wait and re-examine if the cyst has gone.
- You can take hormonal contraceptives if your doctor recommends you so to keep the cyst from recurring.
- Some cysts increase in size continuously and cause pain. Generally, doctors suggest removing this. Majorly, doctors can remove the ovarian cysts, but in other cases, they need to remove the ovary. Remember that even If one of the ovaries is removed, the other removing ovary will still be able to release certain hormones and eggs as usual. Your fertility wouldn’t be affected by removing one ovary, although you may find it slightly difficult to get pregnant. Doctors refer patients to gynaecologists if their ovarian cyst is cancerous.
Pregnancy with an ovarian cyst
During early pregnancy, ovarian cysts are prevalent. Irregular menstruation is common with ovarian cysts. Most of the time, these cysts are harmless, but it can cause problems if it grows during pregnancy. To avoid the risk, you should consult with gynaecologists.
Ovarian cyst and ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer arises from ovarian cells. The place of the tumours is the epithelium or lining of the ovary. Unlike these, there is also ovarian tumours with low malignant potential. It does not spread like typical cancer. Ovarian cancers may require a combination of surgery and chemotherapy. In some cases, doctors suggest radiation for curing it. The difference between the symptoms of ovarian cysts and cancer is impossible, but the diagnosis processes are the same.
Ovarian cysts are not generally non-cancerous although there’s no way to prevent ovarian cysts, regular pelvic exams help ensure that changes in your ovaries are diagnosed as early as possible. Be prepared for changes in your monthly period cycle, including unusual period symptoms, especially ones that persist for more than a few cycles. Talk to your doctor about these changes.
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Had a great experience with Dr. Gunjan. We visited the clinic as we had some queries regarding the conception process. Dr. Gunjan listened to the queries and answered all those with patience. And we had good news at the next consultation itself. Dr. Gunjan is very experienced, is soft-spoken, and very diligent with the process. Highly recommended!
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A team of Specialists working together as a team with a single Goal: Patient Satisfaction
Dr. Gunjan Gupta Govil
MRCOG(UK), MD(Gynae) – Founder & CEO
She is a Gynaecologist with specialization in IVF, Infertility & Laparoscopy specialist doctor and has close to 2 decades of experience in treating Infertility, performing Gynae Laparoscopy (Keyhole Surgeries) & Handing high-risk Pregnancies. She is a noted speaker in National and International level conferences and has also chaired various sessions on Infertility
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Dr. Pradyot Kumar
Dr. Pradyot Kumar is the founder and CEO of Gunjan IVF World. He is a Neurosurgeon with specialization
(20+ years of experience)
Mr. Gaurav Singhai
Co-Founder & COO
He has 15 years of Managerial Experience from various National & International Organizations like TCS, Fiserv & Sopra Steria. He has lived and worked with various MNCs in the US, UK, France & The Netherlands and gained immense experience and skills which he now contributes to Gunjan’s IVF World assiduously.
Dr. Abhishek Parihar
He is a dedicated & experienced Gynaecologist offering comprehensive fertility practice oriented towards fertility treatment. He has vast experience in dealing with infertile couples and providing health care assistance to them during course of their treatment.
He is a highly experienced and successful Embryologist with more than 10 years of experience in IVF. He has done M.Sc. in Biotechnology from MIMS, Jaipur. He has done more than 4000 IVFs and 3000+ ICSI cases till date.)
Dr. Arshi khan
She is another proud member of our medical team & while serving as a RMO for the past few years, she assists Dr. Gunjan during her session with various patients. Moreover, She is a graduate in BUMS and aspire to achieve greater heights in her career in the future.
Ms. Nivedita Rai
She is the Head Counselor at Gunjan IVF world who counsels and coordinates with our patients during the course of their treatment. Patients hold a very high regard for her. She has pursued her MBA from IMT Ghaziabad & been a part of our Gunjan IVF world Family since past many years.
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Do you know the success rate of pregnancy with the IUI procedures ranges from 15% to 20% per cycle? Yes, this is true. IUI, which is Intrauterine insemination, is a kind of artificial insemination that helps in treating infertility issues. This a quick process in which the pre-selected sperm is directly injected into your uterus or womb.
IUI or Intrauterine insemination is a less invasive procedure when compared to IVF or In vitro fertilization. Couples get many benefits from this procedure as the chances of pregnancy increase a lot because of IUI.
The reasons for an unsuccessful implantation are very uncommon and rare as well. Blastocyst provides a greater chance of becoming pregnant therefore the procedure is handled properly as well.
Before jumping to the immediate question first let’s have a small brief of what is blastocyst transfer. Blastocyst transfer is the transfer of embryos that have achieved a higher stage of development.
Normally in natural pregnancy, when a period cycle starts, an egg gets matured in the ovaries. When it becomes 18-20 mm then it is released at that time. After a physical relationship between a couple, the sperms fertilize this mature egg in the fallopian tube. Once the fertilization occurs, this fertilized egg converts into an embryo and sticks to the uterus that causes pregnancy.
If we talk about the term “Secondary Infertility” it generally refers to a situation when a woman is going through certain infertility issues even after carrying a baby already in her life. Moreover, this type of Infertility results in almost 50 percent of total infertility cases in women around the world. This is most common in couples who think of having a baby in their late 30s and 40s.
Egg freezing, medically known as human oocyte cryopreservation. It is an effective procedure allows the woman to go against the biological clock. It enables women to postpone pregnancy to a later date. In this phenomenon, eggs extracted, frozen and stored. The success rate of the procedure depends on the age of the woman and ranges from approximately 14% to 30%.