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If you are one of the many fertility patients who have been diagnosed with teratozoospermia, you may be feeling anxious and overwhelmed. This guide will provide you with all the information you need to understand this condition and make informed decisions about your treatment.

We’ll cover everything from what teratozoospermia is to the available treatments, so you can feel confident in your plan of action. Thank you for choosing us as your trusted source of information. We hope this guide helps put your mind at ease.

Patient's Guide to Teratozoospermia

What is teratozoospermia?

Teratozoospermia is a condition in which the sperm cells are abnormally shaped. This can make it difficult for them to travel through the female reproductive system and fertilize an egg. 

There are many different causes of teratozoospermia, including genetic abnormalities, infections, exposure to certain chemicals or medications, Diabetes mellitus and certain other chronic medical conditions, Trauma to the testes, Alcohol and drug abuse, Smoking and varicoceles (enlarged veins in the testicles). Treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the condition.

What are the symptoms of teratozoospermia?

The most common symptom of teratozoospermia is male infertility. This is because abnormal sperm cells may have difficulty fertilizing an egg.

How is teratozoospermia diagnosed?

Teratozoospermia is typically diagnosed through a semen analysis. This test will evaluate the number, shape, and motility of the sperm cells. A diagnosis of teratozoospermia may be made if more than 95% of the sperm cells are abnormally shaped.

What are the treatment options for teratozoospermia?

The treatment for teratozoospermia will depend on the underlying cause of the condition. If an infection is causing the condition, then antibiotics may be prescribed.

If the condition is due to exposure to certain chemicals or medications, then avoidance of these substances may be recommended. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct a varicocele.

Artificial insemination (IUI) Sperms that have been washed and concentrated are placed directly into the uterus around the time the ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized. This can be used in cases of mild teratozoospermia .

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is another fertility treatment that can be used for men with teratozoospermia. This procedure involves retrieving eggs from the ovaries and fertilizing them in a lab. The fertilized eggs can then be implanted into the uterus. In-vitro fertilization is carried out by selecting the best of the man’s sperms, in case of moderate teratozoospermia .

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is used in severe cases of teratozoospermia or if all the above methods have failed. ICSI involves microinjection of the selected sperm into the ovum for fertilization so as to improve chances of fertilization . The fertilized egg can then be implanted into the uterus.

Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) is a variation of ICSI with improved sperm recruitment by observing under high magnification light microscope .

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What is the outlook for men with teratozoospermia?

The outlook for men with teratozoospermia will depend on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, the condition may resolve on its own. With treatment, many men with teratozoospermia are able to father children.

Is it possible to treat Teratozoospermia naturally?

There are no known ways to treat teratozoospermia naturally. However, there are some lifestyle changes that may improve your sperm health overall. These include:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Reducing stress levels-Avoiding exposure to chemicals and toxins
  • Treating any underlying medical conditions

Making these lifestyle changes may improve your sperm health and increase your chances of fathering a child. However, it is important to speak with a fertility specialist to determine the best course of action for you.

Thank you for reading this guide. We hope it has been helpful in providing you with information about teratozoospermia. If you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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About Author

Dr. Gunjan Gupta Fertility and IVF Specialist in Delhi

Dr. Gunjan Gupta

Gynecologist and IVF specialist
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Dr. Gunjan Gupta is a Gynaecologist with a specialization in IVF, Infertility & Laparoscopy specialist doctor and has close to 2 decades of experience in : Treating Infertility, Performing Gynae Laparoscopy (Keyhole Surgeries) Handing high-risk Pregnancies. She is a Member of Royal College of Obs and Gynae (MRCOG) of UK and has been trained in Laparoscopy at EUDGES (France).

To book an appointment, call: +91-9990044555

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